You may want to consider using a facilitator from outside of your organization if: Your organization has not conducted strategic planning before. For a variety of reasons, previous strategic planning was not deemed to be successful.
Michael Porter  Strategic planning activities include meetings and other communication among the organization's leaders and personnel to develop a common understanding regarding the competitive environment and what the organization's response to that environment its strategy should be.
A variety of strategic planning tools described in the section below may be completed as part of strategic planning activities. The organization's leaders may have a series of questions they want answered in formulating the strategy and gathering inputs, such as: What is the organization's business or interest?
What is considered "value" to the customer or constituency? Which products and services should be included or excluded from the portfolio of offerings? What is the geographic scope of the organization? What differentiates the organization from its competitors in the eyes of customers and other stakeholders?
Which skills and resources should be developed within the organization? The strategy may include a diagnosis of the competitive situation, a guiding policy for achieving the organization's goals, and specific action plans to be implemented.
The organization may use a variety of methods of measuring and monitoring progress towards the objectives and measures established, such as a balanced scorecard or strategy map. Companies may also plan their financial statements i.
The term operational budget is often used to describe the expected financial performance of an organization for the upcoming year. Capital budgets very often form the backbone of a strategic plan, especially as it increasingly relates to Information and Communications Technology ICT.
Outcomes[ edit ] Whilst the planning process produces outputs, as described above, strategy implementation or execution of the strategic plan produces Outcomes.
These outcomes will invariably differ from the strategic goals. How close they are to the strategic goals and vision will determine the success or failure of the strategic plan. There will also arise unintended Outcomes, which need to be attended to and understood for strategy development and execution to be a true learning process.
Tools and approaches[ edit ] Video explaining the strategic plan of the Wikimedia Foundation Wikimedia Movement Strategic Plan PDF A variety of analytical tools and techniques are used in strategic planning.
Responsive Evaluationwhich uses a constructivist evaluation approach to identify the outcomes of objectives, which then supports future strategic planning exercises. In business, the term "financial plan" is often used to describe the expected financial performance of an organization for future periods.
The term "budget" is used for a financial plan for the upcoming year. A "forecast" is typically a combination of actual performance year-to-date plus expected performance for the remainder of the year, so is generally compared against plan or budget and prior performance.
The financial plans accompanying a strategic plan may include 3—5 years of projected performance.
The four stages include: Financial planning, which is primarily about annual budgets and a functional focus, with limited regard for the environment; Forecast-based planning, which includes multi-year financial plans and more robust capital allocation across business units; Externally oriented planning, where a thorough situation analysis and competitive assessment is performed; Strategic management, where widespread strategic thinking occurs and a well-defined strategic framework is used.
Categories 3 and 4 are strategic planning, while the first two categories are non-strategic or essentially financial planning. Each stage builds on the previous stages; that is, a stage 4 organization completes activities in all four categories. Sekora, Project Socrates founder in the Reagan White House, during the cold war the economically challenged Soviet Union was able to keep on western military capabilities by using technology-based planning while the U.
Mintzberg argues that strategic planning can help coordinate planning efforts and measure progress on strategic goals, but that it occurs "around" the strategy formation process rather than within it.
Further, strategic planning functions remote from the "front lines" or contact with the competitive environment i.The Strategic Plan creates a shared vision for the field of emergency management and sets an ambitious, yet achievable, path forward to unify and further professionalize emergency management across the country.
Oct 18, · A strategic plan is a roadmap to grow your business. To help you succeed, use this proven strategic plan template, and the information below details the 13 .
Oct 30, · Find new ideas and classic advice for global leaders from the world's best business and management experts. Strategic planning is an organization's process of defining its strategy, or direction, and making decisions on allocating its resources to pursue this strategy.
It may also extend to control mechanisms for guiding the implementation of the strategy. Oct 25, · A strategic plan looks at all the things your small business could do and narrows it down to the things it is actually good at doing.
A strategic plan also helps business leaders determine where. Strategic planning is an organizational management activity that is used to set priorities, focus energy and resources, strengthen operations, ensure that employees and other stakeholders are working toward common goals, establish agreement around intended outcomes/results, and assess and adjust the organization's direction in response to a.