Background[ edit ] Homosexuality in 20th-century United States[ edit ] Following the social upheaval of World War IImany people in the United States felt a fervent desire to "restore the prewar social order and hold off the forces of change", according to historian Barry Adam. Armyand other government-funded agencies and institutions, leading to a national paranoia. Anarchistscommunistsand other people deemed un-American and subversive were considered security risks.
The movement for LGBT rights emerged in the twentieth century, as many human rights issues became prominent. This century marks the age in which the rights of all individuals began to be recognized in cultures around the world, a significant step in The gay rights movement establishment of a world of peace and harmony.
Goals and strategies Lesbian married couple at San Francisco Pride The LGBT community is as disparate as any other large body, and as such its members have different views regarding the goals toward which activists should aim and what strategies they should use in accomplishing these ends.
Nevertheless, somewhat of a consensus has emerged among contemporary activists. Sociologist Mary Bernstein writes: Political goals include changing laws and policies in order to gain new rightsbenefits, and protections from harm.
As with other social movementsthere is also conflict within and between LGBT movements, especially about strategies for change and debates over exactly who comprises the constituency that these movements represent.
There is debate over to what extent lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgendered people, intersexed people, and others share common interests and a need to work together.
Leaders of the lesbian and gay movement of the s, s, and s often attempted to hide butch lesbians, feminine gay men, transgendered people, and bisexuals from the public eye, creating internal divisions within LGBT communities. Those using this approach aspire to liberal political goals of freedom and equal opportunity, and aim to join the political mainstream on the same level as other groups in society.
However, others within LGBT movements have criticized identity politics as limited and flawed,  and have instead aimed to transform fundamental institutions of society such as lesbian feminism or have argued that all members of society have the potential for same-sex sexuality such as Adolf Brand or Gay Liberation or a broader range of gender expression such as the transgender writing of Kate Bornstein.
Some elements of the movement have argued that the categories of gay and lesbian are restrictive, and attempted to deconstruct those categories, which are seen to "reinforce rather than challenge a cultural system that will always mark the nonheterosexual as inferior.
Important framers of the movement include Karl Ulrichs, who wrote about gay rights in the s, the revived western culture following World War IIthe new social movements of the s, and the unprecedented level of acceptance of the LGBT community in the later twentieth century.
Before In eighteenth and nineteenth century Europe, same-sex sexual behavior and cross-dressing were widely considered to be socially unacceptable, and were serious crimes under sodomy and sumptuary laws.
Any organized community or social life was underground and secret. Social reformer Jeremy Bentham wrote the first known argument for homosexual law reform in England aroundat a time when the legal penalty for "buggery" was death by hanging.
Inan anonymous English-language writer wrote a poetic defense of Captain Nicholas Nicholls, who had been sentenced to death in London for sodomy: Whence spring these inclinations, rank and strong?
And harming no one, wherefore call them wrong? Die Mannerliebe der Griechen "Eros: The Male-love of the Greeks"another defense of same-sex love. Ulrichs came out publicly and began publishing books about same-sex love and gender variance in the s, a few years before the term "homosexual" was first published in A secret British society called the "Order of Chaeronea" campaigned for the legalization of homosexuality, and counted playwright Oscar Wilde among its members in the last decades of the nineteenth century.There have been many influential people in the Gay Rights Movement.
One was Bayard Rustin, who was a Gay Rights and African American Rights activist who mainly did behind the scenes work and had much to do with the way things were run. Katherine Turk’s recent article, ‘Our Militancy is in Our Openness’: Gay Employment Rights Activism in California and the Question of Sexual Orientation in Sex Equality Law, offers a deeply researched history of gay rights activism in California—“the epicenter of the gay employment rights movement” (P.
)—that engages important questions about the benefits and limits of. Jun 28, · The Stonewall Inn riots launched the gay rights movement. Travis Wise/Flickr On Dec.
31, , a dozen plainclothes policemen observed the New Year's festivities inside the Black Cat, a gay. Goals of the Gay Rights Movement Gay marriage rights are considered an important element of gay rights (though a better, more inclusive term is LGBT rights, as it .
Gay rights movement: Gay rights movement, civil rights movement that advocates equal rights for gay men, lesbians, bisexuals, and transsexuals; seeks to eliminate sodomy laws barring homosexual acts between consenting adults; and calls for an end to discrimination against gay men and lesbians in employment, credit.
Dec 03, · How Became The Greatest Year In Gay Rights History: As with any great societal change, this year's victories for the gay rights movement took a long time to gestate.