The fresh leaves are made into a decoction that is taken three times a day to treat asthmait is also used as steam. In other parts of South Africa it is used to cure bronchitis, headaches, labour pains and hypertension.
Abstract Prior to the introduction of cosmopolitan medicine, traditional medicine used to be the dominant medical system available to millions of people in Africa in both rural and urban communities.
However, the arrival of the Europeans marked a significant turning point in the history of this age-long tradition and culture. This paper examines the trends and challenges of traditional medicine in Africa.
The impact of colonialism on African traditional medicine is also examined. Although the paper is on Africa, references are drawn around the world to buttress the growing demand for traditional medicine.
The paper concludes that to minimise the current distrust between modern and traditional doctors and to achieve the objective of regulation, standardisation and cooperation, both traditional and modern doctors must acknowledge their areas of strengths and weaknesses from which they operate and be genuinely concerned about the difficult but necessary task of being human.
Traditional medicine, challenges, Africa Introduction Traditional medicine TMvariously known Traditional medicine in zambia ethno-medicine, folk medicine, native healing, or complementary and alternative medicine CAMis the oldest form of health care system that has stood the test of time.
It is an ancient and culture-bound method of healing that humans have used to cope and deal with various diseases that have threatened their existence and survival.
Hence, TM is broad and diverse. Consequently, different societies have evolved different forms of indigenous healing methods that are captured under the broad concept of TM, e. Chinese, Indian and African traditional medicines. This explains the reason why there is no single universally accepted definition of the term.
Prior to the introduction of the cosmopolitan medicine, TM used to be the dominant medical system available to millions of people in Africa in both rural and urban communities.
Indeed, it was the only source of medical care for a greater proportion of the population Romero-Daza, There are strong indications that traditional health care systems are still in use by the majority of the people not only in Africa but across the world.
In indigenous African communities, the traditional doctors are well known for treating patient holistically. They the traditional doctors usually attempt to reconnect the social and emotional equilibrium of patients based on community rules and relationships Hillenbrand, unlike medical doctors who only treat diseases in patients.
In many of these communities, traditional healers often act, in part, as an intermediary between the visible and invisible worlds; between the living and the dead or ancestors, sometimes to determine which spirits are at work and how to bring the sick person back into harmony with the ancestors.
In this paper, the trends and challenges of African traditional medicine are examined with emphasis on the efforts towards the integration of TM into the mainstream of health care systems.
Some scholars such as Curtin,; Olsson, are of the opinion that the process of modernisation in Africa is intrinsically connected with foreign intervention particularly in areas of health and democracy.
For example, Curtin argues that the period between and marked a significant and rapid innovation in tropical medicine, particularly, the invention of quinine to stem the scourge of malaria in the most endemic region of the world.
Indeed, the current political and socio-economic crises in Africa are attributed to colonialism and its attributes. Similarly, while some critics of colonialism have focused on the economic and political impacts, others have shifted attention to the impact of colonialism on indigenous knowledge system IKS Mapara, especially knowledge of medicine Feierman, ; Konadu, ; Millar, ; Paul, Such arguments underscore the negative impact of colonialism on indigenous medicine.
This became manifested in South Africa during the Apartheid regime. According to Hassim et al. During several centuries of conquest and invasion, European systems of medicine were introduced by colonisers.
Pre-existing African systems were stigmatised and marginalised.Traditional medicine (also known as indigenous or folk medicine) comprises medical aspects of traditional knowledge that developed over generations within various societies before the era of modern medicine.
The World Health Organization (WHO). The following represents a summary of information about projects which were identified in the review of the literature.
Our intent has been to review projects which have been planned or organized to use traditional practitioners (TPs) as community workers in one or more aspects of primary health care. aditional Medicine Str 2– ii This is the first global WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy. It was drafted following extensive consultation.
However, given regional diversity in the use and role of. The Brief Introduction of Beijing Tongshantang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Content: Part One Basic situation Part Two Hospital’s Four Characteristics. Traditional Medicine, Biomedicine and Christianity in Modern Zambia - Volume 79 Issue 3 - Kaori Sugishita.
Traditional medicine, variously known as ethno-medicine, folk medicine, native healing, or complementary and alternative medicine, is the oldest form of health care system that has stood the test of time.