More fluidly in its applied state, dehumanization is the act of a country reducing their enemy to a status of less than human both in the eyes of their soldiers and their citizenry. As an academic I first became aware of the process of dehumanization as I studied and learned about the Second World War. I was bitten by the bug early and the study of that particular era of history remains my abiding passion.
July What it Means to Dehumanize Dehumanization is the psychological process of demonizing the enemy, making them seem less than War atrocities and dehumanization and hence not worthy of humane treatment.
Dehumanization is a psychological process whereby opponents view each other as less than human and thus not deserving of moral consideration.
Protracted conflict strains relationships and makes it difficult for parties to recognize that they are part of a shared human community. Such conditions often lead to feelings of intense hatred and alienation among conflicting parties. The more severe the conflict, the more the psychological distance between groups will widen.
Those excluded are typically viewed as inferior, evil, or criminal. Innocent people should not be murdered, raped, or tortured. They deserve to have their basic needs met, and to have some freedom to make autonomous decisions. In times of war, parties must take care to protect the lives of innocent civilians on the opposing side.
Even those guilty of breaking the law should receive a fair trial, and should not be subject to any sort of cruel or unusual punishment. However, for individuals viewed as outside the scope of morality and justice, "the concepts of deserving basic needs and fair treatment do not apply and can seem irrelevant.
Those excluded from the scope of morality are typically perceived as psychologically distant, expendable, and deserving of treatment that would not be acceptable for those included in one's moral community. Common criteria for exclusion include ideology, skin color, and cognitive capacity.
We typically dehumanize those whom we perceive as a threat to our well-being or values. In severe cases, dehumanization makes the violation of generally accepted norms of behavior regarding one's fellow man seem reasonable, or even necessary.
The Psychology of Dehumanization Dehumanization is actually an extension of a less intense process of developing an "enemy image" of the opponent. Adversarial attitudes and perceptions develop and parties begin to attribute negative traits to their opponent.
They may come to view the opponent as an evil enemy, deficient in moral virtue, or as a dangerous, warlike monster. Such images can stem from a desire for group identity and a need to contrast the distinctive attributes and virtues of one's own group with the vices of the "outside" group.
While ordinary group members are regarded as neutral, or perhaps even innocent, their leaders are viewed as hideous monsters.
The negative actions of one's opponent are thought to reflect their fundamental evil nature, traits, or motives.
Once formed, enemy images tend to resist change, and serve to perpetuate and intensify the conflict. Because the adversary has come to be viewed as a "diabolical enemy," the conflict is framed as a war between good and evil. New goals to punish or destroy the opponent arise, and in some cases more militant leadership comes into power.
Enemy images are accentuated, according to psychologists, by the process of "projection," in which people "project" their own faults onto their opponents. This means that people or groups who tend to be aggressive or selfish are likely to attribute those traits to their opponents, but not to themselves.
Deindividuation facilitates dehumanization as well.Dehumanization in World War I and World War II and the lessons we can learn By Joseph P.
Finn Jr. Wars have always been and will always be devastating for society. Military Training and Atrocities of dehumanization is central to military training. give our soldiers the determination and fortitude to refuse to .
Repost: Vietnam – The War Crimes Files by Nick Turse and Deborah Nelson for the Los Angeles Times: “ nearly 40 years later, declassified Army files show that Henry was telling the truth — about the Feb.
8 killings and a series of other atrocities by the men of B Company. Atrocities committed during World War II in Asia exemplify the consequences of dehumanization, discrimination, prejudice, violence against women injustices that still continue today.
Understanding the past of all humans involved is the first step to stopping atrocities from being committed in present, and in the future. Fake Atrocities and Propaganda Films. Tales of atrocities also can dehumanize, as readers of William Randolph Hearst's newspapers learned when they got whipped up for the Spanish-American war with.
War crimes, murder, massacres, dehumanization, genocide, ethnic cleansing, deportations, unethical human experimentation, extrajudicial punishments including summary executions, use of WMDs, state terrorism or state sponsoring of terrorism, death squads, kidnappings and forced disappearances, military use of children, unjust imprisonment.