Forever afterward, the Lakota Sioux author struggled to find a balance between Indian and white society. These autobiographical essays, short stories, and political writings offer her poignant reflections on being stranded between two worlds. Zitkala-Sa, who attended and taught at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania, was a founder of the National Council of American Indians and among the first Native Americans to record tribal legends and oral traditions.
These objects are often associated with the values and beliefs that are instilled in members of a culture at a young age. The protagonist, a young man, must decide whether the traditional ways of his people are more important to him than the way in which Anglo people live.
Hunting is most likely the life line of the tribe. Apparently, it must be taboo for the men to communicate with certain women in the village. The pipe was not bought or traded from an Anglo person.
It is not made of metal. This subtle gender role distinction may indicate that the men in this tribe, rather than the women, are the ones who carve and make tools. The bracelets may serve as a gender distinction because the text does not indicate that men also wear jewelry; therefore, in this tribe, the women may be the only people who wear jewelry.
Furthermore, the bracelets are displayed in a moment when the mother is talking about the eligible women in the village Sa, ; thus, the bracelets may also be a way for women to promote their desirability with the opposite sex.
Although his heart troubles him at this, the values and beliefs seen in the objects in his home undoubtedly had been taught to the young man throughout his childhood, his adolescence and early adulthood in the Anglo culture greatly altered his opinion of the values and beliefs of his family and village.
The young man returns to his people as a new person with new ideas and foreign objects. His clothes are no longer those obtained by bravely hunting game. They were most likely given to him while he was at the mission school. Consequently, it may be assumed that he is not the hunter his father wanted him to become when he was younger.
At this time, the young man wants to be like Christ. At this point, the Bible that had brought him enlightenment drove the villagers to desert him and his family. The young man continues to believe in the words and ideas found in the Bible, even when faced with starvation in the cold winter. A knife can be used for protection and to provide food.
At this point, he realizes his father would die of starvation if he did not find and kill an animal for food.
The young man thinks of the knife as a means for his father to live. In this instance, the knife gives the young man the ability to finally become the Sioux hunter his father had wanted him to become.
The knife allows the young man the opportunity to provide for his family like a male Sioux is expected to do; however, the knife also gives the young man the opportunity to become the warrior his father wanted him to become.
When the Anglo man attacks the young man for killing his cow, he is faced with the dilemma of having to kill or be killed. At this point, the knife acts as a way for the young man to be Sioux again. In one night, the knife gave him the life his father wanted him to have but it also made him commit crimes that would ultimately take his life.
These items helped shape his life and represented his values and beliefs. His change of heart showed how his mind set changed from a Sioux to a Christian and back to a Sioux again. The Bible not only signifies the Anglo religion but also a changing world.
The presence of Anglo people is shown in the Bible. It is obvious in the beginning of the story that his village had not felt the full presence of the Anglo people because they are still free to roam and hunt wild game.
The Bible shows how the world around them is changing to an Anglo dominated society.
And, finally, the knife brings the young man back to his people as a hunter and a warrior. He is defined as a young Sioux man who left the values and beliefs of his people for the Anglo culture and religion but later denies the Christian faith to provide food for his family and defend himself.Her father was a German-American man named Felker, who abandoned the family while Zitkala-Ša was very young.
For her first eight years, Zitkála-Šá lived on the reservation. She later described those days as ones of freedom and happiness, The Life of Zitkala-Sa.
New York: Puffin. May 12, · Zitkala Sa's "The Soft Hearted Sioux" narrates the life of a young Sioux man who becomes a Christian and tries to live his life according to the . Zitkala-Ša's familial relationships foster her education in the oral legends, an education that will ultimately result in her first book, Old Indian Legends ().
She acquires reliable versions of the ohunkakans, for instance, due to her deceased uncle's reputation (). Zitkala-Sa adds a note on the name of this deity, which means "an absolute power," that implies that in later years she regained respect for the faith that she thought she had lost.
The second half of the book is a collection of essays and new stories. Family relationships in middle childhood Essay. Introduction: Parents are the ones who rear their children to become who they might be someday - Family relationships in middle childhood Essay introduction.
They do the most significant role in an adolescent’s life. American Indian Stories, Legends, and Other Writings by Zitkala-Sa Zitkala-Sa wrestled with the conflicting influences of American Indian and white culture throughout her life. Raised on a Sioux reservation, she was educated at boarding schools that enforced assimilation and was witness to major events in white-Indian relations in the late 1/5(1).